0000006998 00000 n var. American Linden grows in sun or partial shade. trailer <<638efd0e12e411e68f79000a95b77bd0>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 15 0 obj<>stream 0000128787 00000 n 0000013998 00000 n 0000127602 00000 n It is more tolerant of heat and compact soil than American Basswood. The common linden (or American linen) is often used as a streetside shade tree. 0000007271 00000 n 0000012978 00000 n Site design : Academic Web Pages. American Linden, Basswood Tilia americana. See List of Tilia Vernacular Names for more common names in other languages. The tree's flowers are attractive to bees and linden is an important source of excellent honey. There are a number of cultivars with a variety of habits. American basswood (usually called American linden in the horticultural business) is a stately and well formed deciduous tree with large heart-shaped leaves, a clean, straight trunk, and a broad, rounded crown. Redmond American basswood (Tilia americana 'Redmond'): 'Redmond' is a dense, pyramidal cultivar. The Kentucky champion tree (110 feet tall) is in the Lexington Cemetery. American linden should be given lots of room to grow so don’t plant it close to homes or other buildings. American basswood definition is - a medium to large linden tree (Tilia americana) of central and eastern North America that has large heart-shaped leaves and soft light wood and that includes several cultivars planted especially as shade trees —called also basswood, yellow basswood. American Linden: Varies: Varies by cultivar: A stately tree with low spreading branches. American basswood (T. americana) is native to North America. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. Tilia trees can be easily identified by their leaves (oblique-cordate leaves 6 ↔ 20 centimetres (2 ↔ 8 in) across) and Tilia species are large deciduous trees, typically reaching 20 ↔ 40 metres (66 ↔ 130 ft) in height. The Silviculture of American Basswood. 'Bailyard' (Frontyard TM) - A symmetrical, pyramidal tree becoming rounded with age. H�|Wˎ]E�߯8?0�~���-�`�Ă5H H�U���rߙ�,�Hs�||�~��v�R�jx�����?��oݮ��y��k{ ���p������_�?�����כ���wo���۰��\Q�]-j�{\x�Ư~����+>�>�0�4*x� littleleaf linden (USDA Zones3b to. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. 0000154137 00000 n 0000036065 00000 n American Linden form. Linden is a large tree at maturity, reaching 50 to 80 feet in height with a spread of 35 to 50 feet. 0000043107 00000 n Honey producers station their beehives close to an American linden. 0000035987 00000 n 0000061688 00000 n 0000031753 00000 n 0000015276 00000 n 0000022639 00000 n The tan blossoms are ornamental when numerous. Tilia tomentosa (Silver Linden) is also very similar in shape and habit to American linden. Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees or bushes, native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere. The attractive white wood … Other names include linden for the European species, and basswood for North American species. 0000010170 00000 n 1). Members of the Iroquois tribe carved ceremonial masks on living trees, then cut them off and hollowed out the backs. The tree's edible leaves have been used for livestock and human consumption and the fibrous, pliable inner bark (bast) was a significant source of fiber for ropes, cords, mats and nets used by Native Americans and early European settlers.Because it is a source of bast, the common name "basswood" is derived. 0000043397 00000 n 0000008228 00000 n Many communities plant Linden along the streets due to its rapid growth rate and dense, symmetrical crown but Littleleaf Linden is sensitive to road salt. Litter is a problem with this very large tree. Cultivars that are commonly planted include ‘Greenspire’, ‘Glenleven’, and ‘Shamrock’. Several cultivars, one is 'Continental Appeal' - tree, to 50 ft tall (~15 m), dense crown, ascending branches. 0000002548 00000 n An Equal Opportunity University. Usually called basswood, the American linden (Tilia Americana) grows large and imposing, not typically grown in residential gardens. Introduction: American holly is a broad-leaf evergreen with a beautiful shape, but with a variety of insect and disease problems.The tree offers clusters of red berries that persist throughout fall and winter. In Britain and Ireland they are commonly called lime trees, or lime bushes, although they are not closely related to the tree that produces the lime fruit. 0000041914 00000 n For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, American Linden - Tilia americanaBasswood Family (Tiliaceae). In Europe, various species of linden are pruned to form above-ground hedges. Basswood or American Linden. GENERAL BOTANICAL CHARACTERISTICS: American basswood is a native deciduous tree. American Linden or Basswood (Tilia americana) General Description A medium to large tree native east of the Missouri River in North Dakota. 0000031413 00000 n It is pale yellow-green in the fall. Cultivars of American Basswood American Basswood or Linden are native trees well suited for growing in harsh urban locations. There are several great cultivars of American linden including ‘Redmond’, ‘Fastigiata’ and ‘Legend’. Once considered a Tilia heterophylla. American Linden (Tilia americana) – also known as Basswood Origin: Cultivars are vegetatively propagated, native to Michigan Mature Size: Large (>45’ tall) Description: American Linden has a moderate growth rate and an upright or pyramidal form in youth, becoming rounded with age. Height: 35’ - 50’ Spread: 25’ - 30’ Site characteristics: Sandy loam to silt loam; light shade Zone: 3a - 8a Wet/dry: Requires moist, well-drained sites, but will tolerate intermittent drought once established Native … 0000040975 00000 n Swedish botanist Carolus Linnaeus, who developed the system of binomial nomenclature, took his name from a large linden tree on his family's property. 0000010194 00000 n The cultivar Tilia americana ‘Redmond’ grows 75 feet tall, has a beautiful pyramidal shape and is drought-tolerant. var. 0000016650 00000 n American Linden) is a large forest tree found throughout most of Minnesota's rich forest areas, though most predominant in central and south eastern woodlands, and is an important member of the Maple-Basswood forests of the area. americana: Rich coves, rocky slopes, metabasalt boulderfields, rich north-facing river bluffs, calcareous Coastal Plain ravines 'Fastigiata' is a narrower oval, upright selection and 'Redmond' grows to 50 feet tall and 22 feet wide. Mature American Linden. There are several great cultivars of American linden including ‘Redmond,’ ‘Fastigiata,’ and ‘Legend.’ The cultivar Tilia americana ‘Redmond’ grows 75 feet tall, has a beautiful pyramidal shape and is drought-tolerant. Tree species in the Tilia Genus are commonly named Linden, Lime, or Basswood in English. 'Bailyard' ( Frontyard ®, similar to 'Fastigiata') - A symmetrical grower, this pyramidal-rounded selection will reach 75' tall and 40' wide. Has larger leaves than other lindens. May need to discourage ophids. 0000008117 00000 n 0000070992 00000 n The beautiful linden wood is white, odorless and good for carving. 0000031481 00000 n 0000044582 00000 n It matures to 60 to 80 feet in height and 20 to 40 feet in width in deep, fertile and moist soils. ‘Fastigiata' - This tree is called the pyramidal American linden because of its narrow form. Redmond linden will retain the pyramidal form that younger American lindens _�����_��ߟnO �_Opq���v�1��Q���S����J;�����e��`����� For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. Tilia americana ‘McKSentry’. American Sentry® linden It is a dense shade tree with heart-shaped leaves and fragrant flowers; this cultivar is particularly symmetrical. Male and female flowers are on separate trees, so trees of both sexes must be located within the same area to ensure fruit production. Hollow linden trees found in the woods are often filled with honey. 0000001868 00000 n American linden is best used as a park tree or for large landscapes. %PDF-1.5 %���� However, if not properly pruned, it can become an overgrown mass or clump of small trees, rather that impressive singleton. Keep an American linden tree away from large paved areas, as the reflection of the heat from the asphalt tends to damage the leaves. Oil from the linden seed pod has been extracted and used as a substitute for olive oil. Size: Small Medium Large Exposure/ Light Requirements: Full Shade Full Sun ... Cultivars: 'Boulevard'-has a narrow habit, fast growth and dense foliage. The fall color is usually yellow. 0000014199 00000 n Characteristics of Tilia americana that are similar to all the cultivars mentioned below: Botanical Name: Tilia americana Trade Name: American Basswood, American Linden… 0000008635 00000 n 0000002660 00000 n Since it is a large tree it should not be planted around utility lines. Of. 0000016378 00000 n The genus name, Tilia, is the Latin name for the linden or lime tree (no relation to the citrus tree). Phonetic Spelling TIL-ee-uh a-mer-ih-KAY-nah het-er-oh-FIL-uh Description. 0000069358 00000 n 0000007866 00000 n American Basswood (a.k.a. about 10 cultivars of american linden (USDA Zones 3b to 8), 23 cultivars of. Those that are severely allergic to bees will need to take care around the tree when it is in bloom in late spring. 0000004195 00000 n CHECKLISTS OF CULTIVARS OF LINDEN (TILIA) SPECIES by Frank S. Santamour, Jr. and Alice Jacot McArdle Abstract. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. 0000016796 00000 n 0000032039 00000 n Leaves large, 9-15 cm long and 7-10 cm wide, dark green above, whitish pubescence below. 0000162714 00000 n 0000009138 00000 n WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. 0000041043 00000 n 0000022076 00000 n American Linden Cultivars. 0000001981 00000 n ‘Redmond' - Was originally listed as a form of. American Linden. 0000009404 00000 n Desirable as a landscape tree for its large stature, shade and aromatic flowers. Little-leaf Linden Tilia cordata Height: 50’ - 70’ Spread: 35’ - 50’ Site characteristics: Full sun; moist, well-drained soils; tolerant of alkaline soils; tolerates urban conditions. TILIA - LINDEN OR BASSWOOD. American linden was cultivated in North America as early as 1752. 0000009380 00000 n Basswood gets 60-80 ft (18.3-24 m) and occassionally over 100 ft (30.5 m) tall with a spread of about half its height. Fruit with attached pale-green bract, N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. 0000010742 00000 n 0000010766 00000 n March 11, 2016 Tilia americana . This site was last updated on December 4, 2020. x�b``�```ke`c`T~� Ȁ �@16�Ā�6�@�KT�_���I It is known as white basswood or beetree linden. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. American Sentry® Linden. 0000041461 00000 n The difficulties of taxonomy in Tilia are many and varied. The tree is pyramidal when young but develops into a (Formerly classified as Tilia x euchlora 'Redmond'). Included here are cultivars of Tilia americana and forms previously listed under T. heterophylla, which is currently considered to be the same as T. americana. 0000008007 00000 n Zone: 3 | Height: 45' | Spread: 30' Shape: Pyramidal, symmetrical Foliage: Medium green Fall Color: Yellow This handsome … 0000001556 00000 n 7), and 5 cultivars of silver linden (USDA Zones 4 to 7) (Dirr, 1998). 'Douglas'- deep green foliage, vigorous growth. Cultivars exist of the species that have larger leaves than the original. Cultivars of Tilia are described and discussed under the European species T. cordata, T. platyphyllos, and T. tomen-tosa, as well as the only United States species recognized, T. 13 0 obj <> endobj xref 13 63 0000000016 00000 n 0000163899 00000 n 0000195638 00000 n ���:N��˞.�\��l� 6WPP��l���A�A�I�!��9�fV�����xX�3Oe~°�E�Ō������##����F6�3a1�.F7���\,�N�d�y�.n�ҙ�9K�9K�G�q:=�{8X�*�4#k ^5� endstream endobj 14 0 obj<>/Metadata 11 0 R>> endobj 16 0 obj<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC]/ExtGState<>/Properties<>>>>>>> endobj 17 0 obj<> endobj 18 0 obj<>stream Tilia americana ‘Fastigiata’ is more narrow in shape with fragrant yellow flowers. 0000009787 00000 n 0000155035 00000 n 0000016728 00000 n 0000182455 00000 n heterophylla): This tree, once considered a separate species, is now considered a variety of the American linden. The tree was introduced to the UK in 1752, but has never prospered there, being prone to … 0000041564 00000 n 0000012037 00000 n ‘Rosehill' - A fast-growing American linden, it is described as an improved selection. 0000005678 00000 n heterophylla white basswood (Tilia americana var. American Linden1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Most often seen at 40 to 50 feet in height with a spread of 35 to 40 feet, American Linden or Basswood is capable of reaching 80 to 100 feet or more (Fig. 0000022358 00000 n It For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. Cultivars 'American Sentry' - A symmetrical, pyramidal shape. American Linden or Basswood slide 61c 360% slide 61d 360% slide 61b 340% III-123. Cultivars include 'Nova', 'Duros' (with an upright crown), the pyramidal 'Frontyard' and the conic-crowned 'Redmond'. 3 pictures total. ����˨|.虾pD�c��O�x5�n}�#�S�^��c�p\+�'0��[�Ħ{�8�x�Q_�&�&�(6�W�^�����(����)+�>�V�tp�2k~EW`d�46+��&^�Ǎ�y}��%�= @n׀F���[s2eO��L�顒�ƒ��#�����R2X���߽-���P \3����:ޣB�GC�v �y� Y'��T�q�?e����#�^0L�c��ފ�����,f&N��HT Pv)��Zt�F2HPHv�h‘�r`��F`� G=�}��G�P��QPi��y. American linden is a useful shade tree and a good honey plant in the Malvaceae family. American Linden Cultivars . There are several cultivars of American linden, the most popular of which is Redmond linden. It is easy to transplant is tolerant of clay soil and some drought once established. 0000121631 00000 n AMERICAN LINDEN & VARIETIES TILIA AMERICANA (BASSWOOD) TILIA AMERICANA AMERICAN SENTRY (Oval canopy) TILIA AMERICANA LEGEND (Narrow Oval canopy) LINDEN HYBREDS & CROSSES TILIA x GLENLEVEN (Narrow Pyramidal canopy) TILIA x REDMOND (Broadly Pyramidal canopy) LITTLELEAF LINDEN & CULTIVARS TILIA … 0000021998 00000 n This plant is a cultivar of a species that is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region , with updates made according to … This hybrid variety results from crossing the large-leaved lime … 0000007132 00000 n