Encourage them to come to you with any questions or concerns, and work with them to promote diversity in the classroom. At the same time, work to challenge your biases and assumptions about what makes a candidate qualified. Treating all staff and students fairly and equally. Students in the classroom come from differing backgrounds and home environments, and certainly some students begin school with a greater advantage than others. The researchers then used the same hand raising procedure with one group of students while the other group of students did not raise their hands when they knew the answer to a problem. Uniform standards can’t apply to a diverse classroom, so start working with your teachers to establish different approaches for students with different learning needs. As mentioned, each student learns in different ways. (In 2007, the American Psychological Association put together this report to outline what we know about socioeconomic status and academic achievement.) Race, gender, sexual orientation, LGBTQ issues, ethnicity, and disability fall under the heading of diversity. If it’s difficult to change your existing curriculum, use the opportunity to ask students why different perspectives aren’t included and challenge them to apply critical thinking skills. When your students meet members of their community, they get to see examples of people from different backgrounds succeeding in their field and might be inspired to think differently about their own future. In an increasingly fragmented society, the ability to connect with peers, coworkers and neighbours with diverse backgrounds and abilities is invaluable. Some of the suggestions from the study for hiring a more diverse faculty include: Establish programs at the district level that recruit teachers from non-traditional programs and provide financial help and training. Ask students, parents and neighbours to bring in non-perishable food items to donate to the local food bank, to communicate school news and events to parents. With everything that you have to keep track of and work on, it might be difficult to find the time to intentionally build relationships with students — especially if you’re new to the school or to a leadership position. The good news? For Teachers, For Researchers, Learning Scientists Posts. Or, are they further widening the gap? Classrooms were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: Hand Raising: In this condition, achievement differences between students were made visible. Inclusion in the classroom is good for every student's social and emotional development. For students who were highly familiar with the task, talking about whether the students were familiar with the task had no effect on their performance. Individual and cultural diversity in the classroom. Results indicated that, again, students who were more familiar with the task performed better than students less familiar with the task. Improve the data systems that monitor diverse hiring efforts, and reward schools that meet diversity requirements. Encourage students to include all of their peers if you see division forming along racial or economic lines. But a. The researchers showed that educational contexts can amplify achievement gaps between social classes. In her examination of the effects of diversity in the class-room, Marin (2000) systematically looked at class-room dynamics and developed a model for maximizing the positive effects of diversity… : Students who speak Spanish at home help teach their classmates and teachers how to pronounce and translate a Spanish song. In today's classroom, teachers encounter a diverse student body. . Celebrate Diversity: ... As the teacher, your positive attitude about inclusion sets the tone for the rest of the class. Challenging any negative attitudes. 6. Teach your classroom … Other options for staying in touch and building relationships with parents and neighbours: . But in the world of social relations and self-concepts of people, the dimensions that are most handled-and in which people most are reflected or identified-are race and, in … Get to know your students. Highlight the diversity of your classroom to the students. Educators use our materials to supplement the curriculum, to inform their practices, and to create civil and inclusive school communities where … But, for students who had low familiarity with the task, being made aware of a previous disadvantage led to better performance than when the disadvantage wasn’t mentioned. If students see that you’re invested in school culture, they’ll be more likely to also participate. Clearly post the guidelines and review them with students. Figure recreated from Study 1 in Gondeau & Croizet, 2017 (2). DOI: 10.1177/0956797616676600. Hire earlier in the year to reach more in-demand candidates, Support principal preparation programs, including actively recruiting teachers and supporting their professional development. Incorporate different teaching styles. How did that affect your education? Remove existing markers of inequality in your school. When diversity is not a priority and these students don’t feel included, they’re more likely to not participate and feel inferior to their peers. Even more significant is teaching students the importance of acknowledging and accepting these differences as they make each individual unique. It's widely accepted now that diversity is important in the workplace, and this research provides a timely reminder that social class is an important aspect of that diversity. A great deal of research has demonstrated a relationship between social class and academic achievement … When schools take inclusive and responsive approaches to diversity, students are more likely to see their identify represented in classroom materials or other students. As was to be expected, students who were more familiar with the task performed better than students who were less familiar with the task. The same report also found that effectively integrated schools had less misbehavior, lower dropout levels and noticed that students were more likely to want to pursue post-secondary education. One of the best ways to foster an inclusive environment in the classroom is by... 2. Here is how you create an inclusive climate in your class. Students in integrated schools are more likely to have higher test scores and to enroll in college. Can Game-Based-Learning Increase Standardized Test Scores? So diversity is important to cultivate in your classroom because of the academic and social benefits. Hidden advantages and disadvantages of social class: How classroom settings reproduce social inequality by staging unfair comparison. Diversity is an important element of any classroom alike. Schools are a central part of the community, and should reflect and celebrate its diversity. Game Based Learning - Questions per Session, Most people would say it’s to learn the three R’s: reading, writing and ‘rithmetic. This can include anything from speech-to-text software, talking calculators for students with dyscalculia, or modified computer accessories for students with physical disabilities. Take the time to learn about your students: Where do they come from? All the students in your school are unique individuals, so use that fact to build a... 3. And how can you promote it in your school? Your school is already full of students and staff with diverse and amazing backgrounds, abilities and skills! Play dress-up. Different types of diversities in a classroom can if not recognized, and accommodated for hinder the learning environment. By presenting students with viewpoints far different from their own, it gives them the opportunity to think critically about their own … This book examines common issues educators face when teaching social justice and diversity-related courses and offers best practices for addressing them. If possible, teach literature from authors of color. Diversity in the Classroom Delores Harris November,2013 “To keep the Golden Rule we must put ourselves in other people’s places. (For example, make sure students who are eligible for free or reduced lunch programs aren’t singled out and made to feel different.). It also extends to the way that students learn in the classroom — whether that’s through an accelerated learning course or with supports for learning disabilities. Up to this point, it seems that highlighting differences between groups of students who are more or less familiar with a task through hand raising leads to the disadvantaged students performing even worse. Asking students to raise their hand to signal their achievement (when they knew an answer) highlights differences in performance between students, making it more visible. Some students were given extra training on the task. No Hand Raising: In this condition, achievement differences were not visible. Address student behavior that does not respect equality in either a formal class setting or casual discussion. The purpose of the experiments was to examine whether typical classroom procedures, such as hand-raising, might highlight existing differences between students from working-class families and students from middle-class families, subsequently widening the achievement gap between students from these different backgrounds. : While learning about the gold rush, students write diaries from a wide range of historical actors like mine workers and owners, but also from the perspective of women and immigrants that worked alongside them. While diversity is the essential property of the L2 classroom, and so has been historically easier to recognize in that classroom, the ideological problem result- ing from the conflict between the individualist and multiculturalist approaches Sign up with your email address to receive new blogs and podcast episodes in your inbox. Which voices are speaking in your classroom? Diversity in the classroom may include: exceptionalities, culture, language, learning style and gender. The presence of diversity in the classroom allows students to consider perspectives and opinions beyond those they’ve already formed or were shaped in early life by family and friends. A great deal of research has demonstrated a relationship between social class and academic achievement (1). students were told explicitly not to signal when they were done with a question. . Each class also denotes a different set of jobs with differing access to wealth, influence and status. Do they get along with their peers? Goudeau and Croizet conducted three studies with 5th and 6th-grade students in France. Take infractions seriously and inform parents when necessary. However, making students aware of the fact that some are more familiar with the tasks, due to extra training, can mitigate these issues. Which voices are speaking in your classroom? All the students in your school are unique individuals, so use that fact to build a diverse and inclusive school culture. The racial achievement gap is also smaller at these schools. But, when students were not very familiar with the task, the hand-raising procedure led to lower performance. Here are some great resources and organizations to get you started: : This resource is for teachers, school leaders, students and parents alike. Establish rules from the beginning that promote equality in the classroom. Participate in school events and visit different clubs or after-school activities. When students were highly familiar with the task at hand, the hand raising had no effect on their performance. Dressing up lets children literally step into someone else’s shoes. For an illustrated definition of diversity, this video breaks down what the United States would look like if it were just a group of 100 people: These realities are already reflected in your school, and it’s important for you to address them. How to Incorporate Cultural Diversity in the Classroom employed active learning in the classroom, encouraged student input, and included perspectives of women and minorities in their coursework.8 Benefits for Students Numerous research studies have examined the impact of diversity on students and educational outcomes. Work with your teachers to see if you’re representing a wide range of voices in the curriculum. That is, whose stories do you tell? Offer professional development resources to help them effectively respond to challenges and opportunities. Social Class Diversity In the Classroom Topic: Think about what social class you fit into as a child/teenager. Let students know that they can approach you with problems (or just to say hello), and then follow through on what they come to you with. Diversity in the classroom 1. This is a Buzzed video that models a lesson that a teacher did on teaching privilege and social class to his students. If we had the imagination to do that...fewer bitter judgments would pass our lips, fewer racial, national, and class prejudices would stain our lives.” -- … However, in some classrooms, the students were told that some classroom peers were more familiar with the task because they had better training. Your teachers will probably take on the bulk of the day-to-day efforts to promote diversity in the classroom. Change doesn’t happen overnight, but the most important step is getting started. Diversity simply put, is to have variety or differences inside of a group. How did it affect you socially in school? “Decades of research by organizational scientists, psychologists, sociologists, economists and demographers show that socially diverse groups (that is, those with a diversity of race, ethnicity, gender and sexual orientation) are more innovative than homogeneous groups.”. … Psychological Science. Students in from upper-middle-class families performed better on the reading comprehension questions than those from working-class families, though this result is not surprising in light of previous research. It’s important to always hire the best candidate for the position, regardless of their background. Diversity goes beyond just measurable factors like ethnicity, socio-economic status or gender. Teaching Tolerance provides free resources to educators—teachers, administrators, counselors and other practitioners—who work with children from kindergarten through high school. condensed list of the seven ways you can champion diversity in you school, study from the University of California, Los Angeles, 2018 study from the Learning Policy Institute, Create or log in to your school leader account on Prodigy. Students from working-class families performed worse on the reading comprehension test when the hand-raising procedure was used. Students in the classroom come from differing backgrounds and home environments, and certainly some students begin school with a greater advantage than others. Some students may be more... 3. Diversity in the classroom doesn’t just improve social skills, it can also have an. Most (sociologists) agree that there are 5: The elite or the upper class; upper middle class; lower middle class; working class; and the poor. Diversity expresses itself in so many different ways, so it can be daunting to try and start conversations around bringing it to the classroom. In a research paper that went to press at the very end of 2016 (2), Sébastien Goudeau and Jean-Claude Croizet begin to address these questions. Home Race/Ethnicity Social Class Ability Sexuality Language Gender Social Class Learning About Privilege. How to Bring Diversity in The Classroom 1. Social, cognitive, and academic benefits. With professional development, teachers in that school are better equipped to address challenges and confront biases in themselves and in their students. The upper-middle-class students were not affected by the hand-raising procedure. Report of the APA Task Force on Socioeconomic Status. This conversation shouldn’t just be limited to words — in order to make effective change, you need to take practical steps to address inequality when you encounter it, such as: Shut down discrimination whenever you hear it, Use language that promotes positivity and doesn’t reinforce existing stereotypes (for example, the phrase “boys will be boys” shouldn’t be used to justify sexism or aggression), Respond effectively to inappropriate comments or actions. The same article goes on to point out that even the appearance of diversity (and with it, the suggestion that different opinions exist) makes us change how we approach issues. Reach out to leaders in the community that can offer different perspectives, either as experts in their field, professionals, community workers or activists. Set an example with your behavior. ... and using genuine praise in the classroom. by Andrew Greer, Graduate Teaching Fellow. All you have to do is start highlighting that diversity. If you ignore the issue of diversity in the classroom and choose to not promote diversity in your school, you’re not doing your job. Indeed, diversity is the only constant feature of L2 education. https://t.co/fnxu1AScJG https://t.co/fnxu1AScJG, Help Your Child Who's Struggling with Math. The Center for Culturally Responsive Teaching and Learning. In study 3, the researchers attempted to mitigate the harm caused by highlighting the disadvantages. 7 ways to encourage a culture of diversity in your school 1. However, we do not fully understand all of the ways social class leads to differing levels of academic achievement. By Megan Smith. This pedagogical approach may help students to appreciate and value all forms of diversity and how diversity enriches learning.”. Megan Sumeracki. all allow teachers to help learners with different needs. What kind of socio-economic situation do they live in, broadly speaking? When you know your students and understand their strengths and weaknesses, you’ll be better equipped to promote diversity and work with teachers to address the challenges and opportunities that come with a focus on diversity in the classroom. Planning a lesson is just as important as the execution of the lesson; especially if your class will discuss sensitive topics or ideas. Don’t be afraid to admit when you don’t know the answer, but always try to keep learning and growing. Some of this diversity is obvious: More than ever, students come from different racial, ethnic, religious and linguistic backgrounds. 2. . (1) APA Task Force on Socioeconomic Status (2007). Gender Diversity in the Classroom. They earn the majority … Introduce 'the world' to the class, sharing insights about travels, the world's diverse cultures, languages, religions and traditions. This can lead to students in lower social classes, or with lower familiarity with a task, to perform even worse than they would have. A simple procedure often used in classrooms, such as raising ones hand when they are done with a question, actually increased the achievement gap between the two social class groups. A staff that reflects diversity in the classroom will expose your students to different ideas and teaching styles, and make them stronger as a result. In other words, highlighting performance gaps with no explanation for the gap can make the gap even wider! Understanding social class as culture is a relatively recent idea, yet the research conducted thus far illustrates the influence class position can have on people’s behavior and identity. This essential resource helps educators tackle common and challenging dilemmas that arise in today’s classroom—such as diversity, privilege, and intersectionality. That’s a great thing to know, but what does diversity in the classroom look like in action? Alright. https://www.apa.org/pi/ses/resources/publications/task-force-2006.pdf, (2) Goudeau, S., & Croizet, J. C. (2017). Fair does not equal same — fair means making sure that every student has what he or she needs to succeed both personally and academically. Increasing Inclusivity in the Classroom. Some of the projects they’re working on to promote diversity in the classroom include: : To learn about homelessness and civic engagement, students write letters to the mayor and use their creative skills to produce awareness materials like posters and songs. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. According to a report by the Center for Teaching Excellence, by the end of the 1990s, women began outnumbering men at U.S. colleges. This is especially important considering their student body has a great deal of economic diversity and aims to give at least half of its opening to students who qualify for free or reduced lunch. . The research also sheds light on how these individual-level processes can feed into macro-level phenomena, such as the growing wealth gap, via social … Conversations about diversity and equity can be uncomfortable for students and teachers. The students read a difficult text (designed for 7th graders) and then answered 15 questions presented one-at-a-time on a screen. Good news: there are lots of different ways! Are classrooms arranged to mitigate the effects of social class on academic achievement? As a school leader, you can directly impact the diversity of your faculty through hiring and recruitment efforts. The pattern of results was the same as from study 1. In typical educational and social settings there is a marked tendency for students to exhibit classic in-group/out-group behaviors. Start slowly and intentionally. To directly study this, the researchers manipulated how familiar students were with academic standards in a task, which served as a proxy for social class. It provides a model for building a culturally responsive curriculum and includes in-service activities, strategies for teaching and offers an analysis of racial inequality in the current school system. In this study, some students were made to be more familiar with the task then others, and all of the students used the hand raising procedure. An instructor includes classroom policies in the syllabusthat underscore respect, attentive listening, civil dialogue, honesty, and patience, regardless of background or appearance. In study 2, the researchers tested the idea that working-class students underperform because of lower familiarity with academic culture, and highlighting these differences leads to even lower performance. Unfortunately, classroom diversity research lacks empirical evidence about how race impacts student understanding of course material.